Chinese Cultural Diplomacy: instruments in China’s strategy for international insertion in the 21st Century

  • 4th May 2019
  • 146 Views
Chinese Cultural Diplomacy: instruments in China’s strategy for international insertion in the 21st Century


scielo.br

Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional

Print version ISSN 0034-7329On-line version ISSN 1983-3121

Rev. bras. polít. int. vol.62 no.1 Brasília 2019 Epub Apr 29, 2019

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7329201900105 Articles

Danielly Silva Ramos Becard1 http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4471-1897Paulo Menechelli Filho2
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1402-265X1 Universidade de Brasília , Instituto de Relações Internacionais , Brasília , Brazil (daniellyr@yahoo.com)2 Universidade de Brasília , Instituto de Relações Internacionais , Brasília , Brazil (prtmfilho@gmail.com)
Excerpt:
ABSTRACT
This article analyzes instruments of Chinese cultural diplomacy (2003-2018), such as the media, cinema, and the Confucius Institutes, as well as its potential to overcome barriers between states. China’s cultural soft power was studied in Confucius Institutes in the U.S.. The conclusion is that China increasingly used cultural diplomacy and turned it into a key instrument in its strategy for international insertion.
Key words: China; cultural diplomacy; cultural soft power; soft power; Confucius Institutes; China’s foreign policy …
CONCLUSION
The debate on the use of cultural diplomacy as an instrument of international insertion conforms to the increased value given to cultural soft power by the Chinese government in the 21 st Century. This has led to growing investments on instruments of Chinese cultural diplomacy (media, cinema, and CIs). The Chinese government has recognized the need to improve China’s image in order to strengthen its presence worldwide. Cultural diplomacy was seen as a tool to disarm tensions and create a favorable environment for China’s international insertion. It has been demonstrated that facing the difference between China’s self-image and how the world perceives the country is the most important raison d’être in the effort to promote Chinese cultural soft power ( Sun 2015 ).
In practice, China uses means of public and cultural diplomacy [JB emphasis] similar to other countries, such as the media, cinema, and cultural instruments. Notwithstanding, there are important particularities in China’s conception of soft power and cultural diplomacy. The importance of the cultural dimension to the concept of soft power, as well as the broad definition of culture, justifies the use of the term cultural soft power in academic debates and Chinese political rhetoric. Furthermore, the Chinese state is prominent in the conduction of cultural diplomacy, whether in the command of government agencies that promote cultural diplomacy, or in choosing topics to be debated and disseminated. In turn, the idea of propaganda in China is closely related to the definition of public diplomacy, and the promotion of government actions abroad is free of negative meaning. Moreover, there is a double use of China’s cultural diplomacy: besides spreading the Chinese culture abroad, the country aims at goals relating to cultural security and domestic social cohesion.
These particularities might not suffice to characterize a Chinese model of cultural diplomacy, but they make the analysis of China’s cultural diplomacy actions more complex. Thus, even when they make use of traditional mechanisms of cultural diplomacy, China’s actions are seen differently: the importance of the state is seen as a form of intervention and censorship; the prominence and broadness of the concept of culture is criticized as being ideological; Chinese public diplomacy is seen as propaganda; attempts to protect the country from a perceived cultural invasion are seen as arbitrary state actions that impede social manifestation.
Therefore, from an academic perspective, it has been argued that comprehending conceptual nuances and differences in approach might make the analysis of Chinese cultural diplomacy more objective and pragmatic. This is due to the fact that, as seen in the case study, the United States’, perceptions of Chinese cultural diplomacy are still unclear and erratic. However, there is strong evidence that the Chinese government will continue to act so that Chinese stories are heard, their voices are disseminated, and their characteristics are well explained ( Xi 2014 ).
Original Article

Please follow and like us:
error

Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Search in posts
Search in pages

RSS BIDD

  • Mobile Consular Service in Hawassa, Ethiopia 11th October 2019
    Approximately, 350 Sri Lankans attended the mobile consular service and the activities of the day included processing of applications for new passports, attestation of documents, police clearance certificates, issues pertaining to lost passports, assistance with regard to employment in Ethiopia, compensation and repatriation related issues of migrant workers and certification of application forms to open […]
  • UK funded project on integrating conventional arms control with conflict prevention gets started 11th October 2019
    Skip to content Simon Cleobury UK Deputy Permanent Representative to the Conference on Disarmament 11th October 2019 Geneva, Switzerland UK funded project on integrating conventional arms control with conflict prevention gets started I am delighted to announce that the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) project that I mentioned in my previous blog on […]

RSS Diplo Portal Belgrade

  • Friday 11th October 2019
    Scientific gathering 13TH SYMPOSIUM OF NOVEL TECHNOLOGIES AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SASA BRANCH IN NIŠ 18 – 19 October Faculty of Technology in Leskovac, 10 a.m. The post Friday appeared first on Diplomatic portal.
  • Gojković Has Series of Bilateral Meetings with Parliament Speakers Taking Part in 141st IPU Assembly in Belgrade 11th October 2019
    The Speaker of the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia Maja Gojković met today with a number of parliament speakers taking part in the coming 141st Assembly of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) in Belgrade, 13 to 17 October. Today, Gojković had meetings with the parliament speakers of Seychelles, South Africa, Namibia and the Arab […]

Catalog of Destroyed and Desecrated Churches in Kosovo ( VIDEO )

How Belgrade based diplomats use Digital Diplomacy and Internet 2016

Diplo Portal Belgrade

Please follow and like us:
error

Scroll Up
error

Enjoy this blog? Please spread the word :)