• Revisiting Putnam’s two-level game theory in the digital age: Domestic digital diplomacy and the Iran nuclear deal

    Revisiting Putnam’s two-level game theory in the digital age: Domestic digital diplomacy and the Iran nuclear deal

    Note: This post was originally published on the blog of the Cambridge Review of International Affairs and was co-authored with Corneliu Bjola.

    In 1988, Robert Putnam conceptualised diplomatic negotiations as a two-level game in which national and international politics often collide. In this framework, constituents and interest groups (labour unions, activist groups, etc.) pursue their interests at the national level by pressuring the government to adopt favourable policies. At the international level, governments attempt to meet the pressures and demands of their domestic constituents, while at the same time minimising the possible adverse impact of developments abroad. The interaction between the two levels manifests in the fact that a leader who ignores domestic pressures or who favours domestic politics above international issues will be unable to successfully ratify or negotiate a treaty at the other level. Thus, as Putnam argues, ‘the political complexities for the players in t..

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  • There are diplomatic activities that require openmindedness more than anything else.

    There are diplomatic activities that require openmindedness more than anything else.

    Via linkedin [Please note: format of original entry slightly changed here, including absence of original photos, due to computer technical reasons beyond your blogger's limited knowledge; please refer to original posting for complete text/illustrations.]

    Katarzyna Rybka-Iwańska Head, Political and Economic Section, Embassy of Poland in Israel There are diplomatic activities that require openmindedness more than anything else. Yesterday, together with fellow diplomats from several EU countries, I took part in a special tour to the Naqab (Negev) during which we had a chance to visit a Bedouin unrecognized village and a recognized township where we discussed various ideas concerning Bedouin l women empowerment and engagement into local businesses, activism and politics. The Negev Coexistence Forum for Civil Equality and Adalah – The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, funded by the European Union, organized the tour.

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  • Another milestone in California’s decline — The LA teacher strike

    Another milestone in California’s decline — The LA teacher strike

    • 23rd Jan 2019

    Christian Whiton, Fox News
    image fromExcerpt:
    Christian Whiton [JB – see] was a senior advisor in the Donald Trump and George W. Bush administrations. He is a senior fellow for strategy and public diplomacy [JB emphasis] at the Center for the National Interest and the author of “Smart Power: Between Diplomacy and War.”

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  • Public Diplomacy Disrupted: Six Imperatives for Practicing Soft Power

    Public Diplomacy Disrupted: Six Imperatives for Practicing Soft Power

    • 23rd Jan 2019

    Jian (Jay) Wang, uscpublicdiplomacy.org
    uncaptioned image from article
    Public diplomacy [JB emphasis] encompasses a range of ways for nations to engage with their foreign publics in search of improved understanding and desired relationships. It creates soft power, an indispensable currency in contemporary global affairs.But profound and influential societal changes are disrupting public diplomacy. As the practice is essentially a set of communication-centric activities, we see several overarching transformative, interwoven trends along every key aspect of the enterprise.First and foremost, the broader geo-political and geo-economic context for communication on the global stage is changing. On the one hand, the rise of China and other major emerging economies are engendering tectonic power shifts in world affairs. On the other, there is sharpening domestic discord, especially in the West, on the nature and extent of a nation’s global engagement and commitment. In the meantime, according..

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  • Judge Carmel Agius assumes office as the new President of the Mechanism 20th Jan 2019
    Arusha, The Hague, 19 January 2019 – On 19 January 2019, Judge Carmel Agius, of Malta, assumed office as President of the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (Mechanism), following his appointment by the United Nations Secretary-General on 30 June 2018 to a term expiring on 30 June 2020. Judge Agius has been a Judge […]
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  • Uzbekistan and the IWC Usher in the New Year Together 16th Jan 2019
    On the picture, H.E. Mr. Dilyor Khakimov, Ambassador of Uzbekistan. By Catherine van der Loos. Last Monday, January 14, the Marriott Hotel in the Hague was the venue for a festive cultural event presented by H.E. Dilyor Kakimov, the Ambassador of Uzbekistan to the Kingdom of Belgium and Head of Mission to the E.U. He […]
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  • Global Public Diplomacy Awards presented at Gala in Frankfurt 13th Jan 2019
    For the first time Diplomat Magazine and the Diplomatic Council shall present the Global Public Diplomacy Award, in Frankfurt. The award  constitute a  recognition of the efforts of heads of diplomatic missions and other dignitaries to promote strategic diplomatic engagement vis-à-vis state as well as non-state actors. The Public Diplomacy Award will recognise both top diplomats and […]
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