Note: This post was originally published on the blog of the Cambridge Review of International Affairs and was co-authored with Corneliu Bjola.
In 1988, Robert Putnam conceptualised diplomatic negotiations as a two-level game in which national and international politics often collide. In this framework, constituents and interest groups (labour unions, activist groups, etc.) pursue their interests at the national level by pressuring the government to adopt favourable policies. At the international level, governments attempt to meet the pressures and demands of their domestic constituents, while at the same time minimising the possible adverse impact of developments abroad. The interaction between the two levels manifests in the fact that a leader who ignores domestic pressures or who favours domestic politics above international issues will be unable to successfully ratify or negotiate a treaty at the other level. Thus, as Putnam argues, ‘the political complexities for the players in t..READ MORE
Via linkedin [Please note: format of original entry slightly changed here, including absence of original photos, due to computer technical reasons beyond your blogger's limited knowledge; please refer to original posting for complete text/illustrations.]
Katarzyna Rybka-Iwańska Head, Political and Economic Section, Embassy of Poland in Israel There are diplomatic activities that require openmindedness more than anything else. Yesterday, together with fellow diplomats from several EU countries, I took part in a special tour to the Naqab (Negev) during which we had a chance to visit a Bedouin unrecognized village and a recognized township where we discussed various ideas concerning Bedouin l women empowerment and engagement into local businesses, activism and politics. The Negev Coexistence Forum for Civil Equality and Adalah – The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, funded by the European Union, organized the tour.READ MORE
Christian Whiton, Fox News
Christian Whiton [JB – see] was a senior advisor in the Donald Trump and George W. Bush administrations. He is a senior fellow for strategy and public diplomacy [JB emphasis] at the Center for the National Interest and the author of “Smart Power: Between Diplomacy and War.”
Jian (Jay) Wang, uscpublicdiplomacy.org
uncaptioned image from article
Public diplomacy [JB emphasis] encompasses a range of ways for nations to engage with their foreign publics in search of improved understanding and desired relationships. It creates soft power, an indispensable currency in contemporary global affairs.But profound and influential societal changes are disrupting public diplomacy. As the practice is essentially a set of communication-centric activities, we see several overarching transformative, interwoven trends along every key aspect of the enterprise.First and foremost, the broader geo-political and geo-economic context for communication on the global stage is changing. On the one hand, the rise of China and other major emerging economies are engendering tectonic power shifts in world affairs. On the other, there is sharpening domestic discord, especially in the West, on the nature and extent of a nation’s global engagement and commitment. In the meantime, according..
Basic Western misconceptions on the Kosovo issue and their corrections 31. After the war, KosMet was occupied by the international community, sanctioned by the UN (KFOR) for the fundamental purpose to prevent violence between the Albanian majority and the Serb minority Wrong. KosMet was, in fact, occupied after the Kosovo War not by “internationalREAD MORE
Basic Western misconceptions on the Kosovo issue and their corrections 30. During the 1998−1999 Kosovo War, Serb army and police units did not fight only the rebellious Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), but also carried out programmes of ethnic cleansing and, therefore, the US-led NATO was obliged first to act and then to continue military actionsREAD MORE