Found on the Web: Paradiplomacy

ideasforeurope.eu; original article contains links and a "viteo" [JB sic]"; see also
Paradiplomacy
The main policy papers presented during the conference Local Actions in a Global Context: ”Paradiplomacy by Subnational Jurisdictions” in Svalbard are collected in this publication.
The authors: Günther Dauwen, Adam Grydehøj, Linda Fabiani, Jordi Solé, Lorena Lopez de Lacalle and Maria Ackrén considered how sub-state jurisdictions (towns, cities, counties, and regions) and other non-state actors use paradiplomacy to seek influence beyond their borders.
As globalisation reduces the ability of national governments to independently implement effective policies, sub-state jurisdictions are finding that sovereignty is no longer essential for entrance to the global stage. Local governments are using paradiplomacy and informal diplomacy to promote their interests internationally in areas like trade, culture, tourism, politics, and environment.
This publication is financially supported by the European Parliament. The European Parliament is not liable for the content of the book or the opinions of the authors.
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