Joseph S. Nye, Jr

Joseph S. Nye, Jr

Joseph Samuel Nye Jr. (born January 19, 1937) is an American political scientist. He is the co-founder, along with Robert Keohane, of the international relations theory of neoliberalism, developed in their 1977 book Power and Interdependence. Together with Keohane, he developed the concepts of asymmetrical and complex interdependence. They also explored transnational relations and world

Joseph Samuel Nye Jr. (born January 19, 1937) is an American political scientist. He is the co-founder, along with Robert Keohane, of the international relations theory of neoliberalism, developed in their 1977 book Power and Interdependence. Together with Keohane, he developed the concepts of asymmetrical and complex interdependence. They also explored transnational relations and world politics in an edited volume in the 1970s. More recently, he explained the distinction between hard power and soft power, and pioneered the theory of soft power. His notion of “smart power” (“the ability to combine hard and soft power into a successful strategy”) became popular with the use of this phrase by members of the Clinton Administration, and more recently the Obama Administration.[1] He is the former Dean of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University where he currently holds the position of University Distinguished Service Professor.[2] In October 2014, Secretary of State John Kerry appointed Nye to the Foreign Affairs Policy Board.[3] He is also a member of the Defense Policy Board.[4]

He has been a member of the faculty since 1964. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and a foreign fellow of The British Academy. Nye is also a member of the American Academy of Diplomacy.[5] The 2011 TRIP survey of over 1700 international relations scholars ranks Joe Nye as the sixth most influential scholar in the field of international relations in the past twenty years.[6] He was also ranked as most influential in American foreign policy. In 2011, Foreign Policy magazine named him to its list of top global thinkers.[7] The magazine’s valued reporter Daniel Drezner wrote: “All roads to understanding American foreign policy run through Joe Nye.”[8] In September 2014, Foreign Policy reported that the international relations scholars and policymakers both ranked Nye as one of the most influential scholars.[9]

Contents

Life and career

Education

Nye attended Morristown Prep (now the Morristown–Beard School) in Morristown, New Jersey and graduated in 1954. He went on to Princeton University, where he graduated summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa, and won the Myron T. Herrick Thesis Prize. During his time at Princeton, Nye was vice president of the Colonial Club, a columnist for The Daily Princetonian, and a member of the American Whig–Cliosophic Society‘s Debate Panel.[10] After studying Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) as a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University‘s Exeter College, he obtained his Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University in 1964.

Career

Nye joined the Harvard faculty in 1964, and served as Director of the Center for Science and International Affairs at John F. Kennedy School of Government from 1985 to 1990 and as Associate Dean for International Affairs at Harvard University from 1989 to 1992. Nye also served as Director of the Center for International Affairs at Harvard University from 1989 to 1993 and Dean of John F. Kennedy School of Government from 1995 to 2004. Nye is currently (as of December 2012) a Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor.[11]

From 1977 to 1979, Nye was Deputy to the Undersecretary of State for Security Assistance, Science, and Technology and chaired the National Security Council Group on Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons. In recognition of his service, he was awarded the State Department’s Distinguished Honor Award in 1979. In 1993 and 1994, he was Chairman of the National Intelligence Council, which coordinates intelligence estimates for the President, and was awarded the Intelligence Community’s Distinguished Service Medal. In the Clinton Administration from 1994 to 1995, Nye served as Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, and was awarded the Department’s Distinguished Service Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster. Nye was considered by many to be the preferred choice for National Security Advisor in the 2004 presidential campaign of John Kerry.

He is the chairman of the North American branch of the Trilateral Commission[12] and the co-chair of the Aspen Strategy Group. He has also served as a trustee of Radcliffe College and Wells College. He was on the Board of Directors of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Guiding Coalition of the Project on National Security Reform, the Advisory Board of Carolina for Kibera, and the Board of the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He has been awarded the Woodrow Wilson Prize by Princeton University and the Charles E. Merriman Prize by the American Political Science Association. In 2005, he was awarded the Honorary Patronage of the University Philosophical Society of Trinity College Dublin and has been awarded honorary degrees by ten colleges and universities. In 2010, Nye won Foreign Policy Distinguished Scholar Award by the International Studies Association. In 2009, he was made a Theodore Roosevelt Fellow of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.[13]

In October 2014, Secretary of State John Kerry appointed Nye to the Foreign Affairs Policy Board. The group meets periodically to discuss strategic questions and to provide the Secretary and other senior Department officials with independent informed perspectives and ideas.[14] In November 2014, Nye was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star in recognition of his “contribution to the development of studies on Japan-U.S. security and to the promotion of the mutual understanding between Japan and the United States.”[15]

Nye serves as a Commissioner for the Global Commission on Internet Governance.[16]

Nye has published many works in recent years, the most recent being “Is the American Century Over?” in which he explains why the American century is far from over and what the United States must do to retain its lead in an era of increasingly diffuse power politics.[17] His earlier works include: Presidential Leadership and the Creation of the American Era (2013), The Future of Power (2011, ISBN 978-1-58648-891-8), Understanding International Conflicts (1st ed. 1993; 7th ed. 2009), The Powers to Lead (2008), The Power Game: A Washington Novel (2004), Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics (2004), and The Paradox of American Power (2002).

Nye coined the term soft power in the late 1980s and it first came into widespread usage following a piece he wrote in Foreign Policy in 1990. Nye has consistently written for Project Syndicate since 2002.[18]

Personal

Nye and his wife, Molly Harding Nye, have three adult sons.[19] His hobbies are fly-fishing, cross-country skiing, and gardening.

Bibliography

  • Pan Africanism and East African integration (Harvard University Press, 1965)
  • Peace in Parts: Integration and Conflict in Regional Organization (Little Brown and Company, 1971)
  • Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition, co-authored with Robert O. Keohane (Little Brown and Company, 1977; Longman, 2000)
  • Living with Nuclear Weapons. A Report by the Harvard Nuclear Study Group (Harvard University Press, 1983)
  • Hawks, Doves and Owls: An Agenda for Avoiding Nuclear War, co-authored with Graham Allison and Albert Carnesale (Norton, 1985)
  • Nuclear Ethics (The Free Press, 1986)
  • Bound to Lead: The Changing Nature of American Power, (Basic Books, 1990)
  • Understanding International Conflicts: An Introduction to Theory and History, 7th ed. (Longman, 2008)
  • The Paradox of American Power: Why the World’s Only Superpower Can’t Go it Alone (Oxford University Press, 2002)
  • Power in the Global Information Age: From Realism to Globalization (Routledge, 2004)
  • Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics (PublicAffairs, 2004)
  • “Soft Power and American Foreign Policy.” Political Science Quarterly 119.2 (2004): 255-70.
  • The Power Game: A Washington Novel (PublicAffairs, 2004)
  • The Powers to Lead (Oxford University Press, 2008)
  • The Future of Power (PublicAffairs, 2011)
  • Presidential Leadership and the Creation of the American Era (Princeton University Press, 2013)
  • Is the American Century Over? (Polity, 2015)

Essays and reporting

References

External links

Government offices
Preceded by
Fritz Ermarth
Chair of the National Intelligence Council
1993–1994
Succeeded by
Christine Williams
Political offices
Preceded by
Chas Freeman
Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs
1994–1995
Succeeded by
Franklin Kramer
Please follow and like us:
error

Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Search in posts
Search in pages

RSS BIDD

  • DOJ  should take action against China’s Twitter propaganda 22nd August 2019
    Over the last few years, Chinese state media organs have accelerated a campaign to leverage U.S. social media platforms – namely, Twitter – to promote the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) narrative on several issues. The post DOJ  should take action against China’s Twitter propaganda appeared first on BIDD.
  • Travelling to the EU or live there? Get ready for Brexit 22nd August 2019
    Skip to content Christopher Pincher Minister of State (Minister for Europe and the Americas) 22nd August 2019 London Travelling to the EU or live there? Get ready for Brexit The UK is leaving the EU on 31 October and we are making all necessary preparations to ensure we are ready. This includes making sure UK […]

RSS Diplo Portal Belgrade

  • German Ambassador: boycott not good for democracy 22nd August 2019
    AUTHOR: N1 Belgrade According to the ambassador, political debates should be held in parliament, adding that it’s important for the opposition to have the conditions to operate. He recalled the European Union progress report which said that the conditions in parliament are not good and should be changed. “The opposition has indicated that it will […]
  • Projekat „Poljske pomoći” u Vršcu 22nd August 2019
    Otpravnik poslova Republike Poljske Andžej Kinđuk izvršio je monitoring razvojnog projekta koji Ambasada realizuje u Vršcu. The post Projekat „Poljske pomoći” u Vršcu appeared first on Diplomatic portal.

Catalog of Destroyed and Desecrated Churches in Kosovo ( VIDEO )

Most Viewed Posts

  • Twitter Suspends Hamas Accounts
    By ROBERT MACKEYLast Updated, Sunday, Jan. 19 | Several Twitter accounts used by the military wing of Hamas have been suspended by the social network in recent days, angering the Islamist militants and delighting Israel’s military. #Twitter has suspended the official account of #Hamas, a terrorist group that uses social media to threaten #Israel http://t.co/g1UxKc9fpf
  • The State of Gastrodiplomacy
    By Paul Rockower It is fitting that a magazine devoted to studying innovations and trends in the field of public diplomacy has turned its focus on an increasingly popular forms of cultural diplomacy: gastrodiplomacy. Public Diplomacy Magazine’s Summer 2009 issue on Middle Powers explored the behavior of middle powers and the contours of “middlepowermanship.” Articles

How Belgrade based diplomats use Digital Diplomacy and Internet 2016

Diplo Portal Belgrade

Please follow and like us:
error

Scroll Up
error

Enjoy this blog? Please spread the word :)