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Muhammad Irfan, urdupoint.com, Fri 01st March 2019
uncaptioned image from article
MOSCOW (UrduPoint News / Sputnik – 01st March, 2019) Washington and Moscow have agreed to issue mainly three-year visas and return to a universal visa application fee in the amount of$160, the US embassy in Russia said Friday.
“The new visa fee will apply to all citizens of the Russian Federation applying for a US visa in any country of the world. These changes are the result of the joint efforts of the US and Russian governments to equalize the cost of visa fees for tourist and business visas for citizens of both countries in accordance with the principle of reciprocity,” embassy's press secretary Andrea Kalan said in a Russian-language commentary.
“In addition, both sides have agreed to mainly issue three-year multiple-entry visas.
We regard this as a positive step contributing to the development of relations between our countries in business and tourism. Public diplomacy [JB emphasis] through mutu..
July 16, 2012 Xharra, B. and Wählisch. M., 2012. Beyond Remittances: Public Diplomacy and Kosovo‘s Diaspora. Pristina: Foreign Policy Club. Abstract: As a small, post-conflict country, Kosovo has limited capacities to reach out to the world. Lacking diplomatic recognition from many countries, burdened with a negative image, and still in the process of developing itsRead more
James Jay Carafano, nationalinterest.org, February 27, 2019; original article contains links; see also (1)
“Long live Trumpism!” image (not from article) from
Here's a blueprint for how Donald Trump can better explain and use his national security strategy.
Donald Trump doesn’t believe in regime change or nation-building. He is skeptical of international organizations and institutions. He frets over allies that aren’t pulling their weight.
But Trump is no isolationist, and he’s shown no interest in “leading from behind.”
So what does Trump believe in?
His catchphrase, “America First,” suggests that the president views his job as protecting the vital interests of America. But the slogan itself doesn’t have much explanatory value.
Moreover, his large public persona, hyperbolic rhetoric and free-wheeling tweets often cloud an understanding of administration policy. This leaves the administration open to equally outlandish criticisms, with charges ranging from coddling dictators to i..
–Elimination of the Cold War-founded/USG-funded United States Information Agency (USIA) (1999); its function integrated into the State Department; see
–Creation of a State Department Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public affairs, an often vacant post with no current employee, the last one of whom stated (1)
–Denigration of the “public diplomacy” function within the State Department hierarchy, especially in the field [this is a personal comment (ca. 2012) from someone who had the privilege of being a PD dip for some twenty years (2)].
–Proliferation/academisation of college programs on public diplomacy; but what “real jobs” will these earnest grads get after borrowing for tuition fees? See.
–Privatization of public diplomacy: Let business “do” it. At whose expense/ investment? The consumer?
–Modification/elimination of the adjective preceding “public diplomacy,” formerly modified (but not always) (see “Diplomacies, from Public to Pubic”)
U.S. Democracy Promotion & the Arab World
Sep 17, 2019
Years after the launch of a “Freedom Agenda” by the Bush administration, the Arab Spring led the U.S. to see new opportunities for democracy promotion in the Arab world. In a new book, CPD Research Fellow Mieczysław Boduszyński takes a look at the policy behind, and implications of, U.S. democracy promotion in the Arab world in the years following 2011.
In addition to delving into where, why and how the U.S. executes democracy promotion as a part of its foreign policy, Boduszyński explains the trajectory of U.S. policy and examines the context from which it emerged.
“The policy was frequently reactive and inconsistent, with a mismatch between rhetoric and action,” Boduszyński writes in the book's first chapter. “After 2013, the general trajectory of the policy was clear: from an initial embrace of the protests and their aspirations, to a noble but restrained effort to push a democratic transition, and finally to a loss..Read more