In this age of rapid-fire peer-to-peer connectivity, the Pakistan embassy is still boxed in in the world of achingly slow government-to-government negotiations. Antiquated forms of diplomacy still dominate “The qualities of a diplomat are sleepless tact, unmovable calmness and a patience that no folly, no provocation, no blunders may shake” — Benjamin Franklin. The digital
Western governments and rights groups say it is premature to encourage the refugees’ return.
Image from article, with caption: Syrian refugees women hold their children as they sit in Ouzai refugee compound, in the southern port city of Sidon, Lebanon.
BEIRUT – Even as Russia pushes to repatriate Syrians who fled their country during the civil war and the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) forecast that 250,000 could return to Syria in 2019, many are unwilling to go back, citing safety concerns and uncertainties shrouding Syria’s future.
Only a trickle of the estimated 6 million refugees, mostly hosted in neighbouring Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey, have been repatriated since violence subsided and the Russians began their initiative to facilitate their return in July.
Eager to show a normalising situation in Syria, Russia stepped up efforts to encourage the refugees’ return arguing that the fighting is over and terrorism has been largely stamped out.
“The conditions allow their repatriation now,” ..
Committee on Budgetary Control
Part IV – Special Report No 22/2017 of the Court of Auditors entitled “Election Observation Missions – efforts made to follow up recommendations but better monitoring needed” …
28. Believes that election observation activities play a key role in public diplomacy [JB emphasis] by offering impartial assessment and constructive recommendations which can be followed up by national stakeholders, including civil society organisations …
This book analyzes when and how Poland implemented public diplomacy [JB emphasis] . The author explains it as a form of external political communication of governments conducted in cooperation with non-state actors to position the country internationally. The Polish case illustrates how a mid-size country in Europe attempts to impact the public opinion formation abroad while implementing soft power tools. Since 2004, when Poland joined the EU, the country has used public diplomacy to inform the world about its achievements. Poland’s public diplomacy has been strongly oriented on Europe and shaped by geopolitics. It integrated transmission and network models of communication. The Polish model reflects the relevance of public diplomacy domestic dimension and the focus on foreign politics on memory.
«The book (…) is the first monograph analyzing contemporary Polish public diplomacy written in English, being at the same time a methodologically sound piece of research, based on ..
- Public diplomacy
- 25th February 2020
Internet governance – understood by governments, private sector and civil society as the application of rules and procedures with regard to the internet – is a growing area of policy-making.
But in the second half of the last decade, digital and internet policy was increasingly dominated by realpolitik. Differing views on how the internet should, and can, be tamed and shaped abound – meaning wildly different digital policies in different countries, and real questions for governments in an increasingly interconnected world. As a result, issues surrounding internet governance have come into sharper focus – with national interests and power struggles becoming increasingly obvious.
The most recent example was accusations that the United States is trying ..