Soviet Military Power was a public diplomacy [JB emphasis] publication of the US Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), which provided an estimate of the military strategy and capabilities of the Soviet Union during the final years of the Cold War, ostensibly to alert the US public to the significant military capabilities of the Soviet Armed Forces. First published in early October 1981, it became an annual publication from 1983 until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Already in draft as the Soviet Union collapsed, the 1991 version was retitled “Military Forces in Transition”. In addition to the majority English version, Soviet Military Power was translated, printed, and disseminated in a variety of languages, including German, French, Japanese, Italian, and Spanish.
The concept of Digital Diplomacy (sometimes called Virtual Diplomacy) is fairly new, arguably coming to the forefront of international affairs as a result of the failed Green Revolution in Iran in 2009 where social media played a role, albeit ambiguously in its effect. Then came the Arab Spring and the use of Facebook and other
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Brazil), itamaraty.gov.br
The concept of “public diplomacy” [JB emphasis] has been traditionally associated with the promotion of a country's image abroad. In Brazil, “public diplomacy” has been implemented not only in this traditional view, but also in the sense of greater openness of both the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Brazilian foreign policy to civil society, in an effort to stimulate democratization and transparency of national public policies.
The foreign ministry’s actions in different areas and the diffusion of foreign policy initiatives through digital media have intensified public diplomacy efforts in Brazil, encouraging, on the one hand, accountability to society and, on the other, interaction through comments and suggestions that contribute to the formulation of public policies attentive to national aspirations, ideas and values.
An active work of “public diplomacy” allows the Brazilian and foreign society to become inst..
Emily Langer, washingtonpost.com
JB personal note: I grew up in Rome as a foreign service brat, '58-'62 and can still swear in Romanesco.
On my remarkable diplomat father, see.
Image from article: Dr. Gardner taught at Columbia Law School for nearly six decades before his retirement in 2012. (Gary Gilbert/Courtesy of Columbia Law School)
Richard N. Gardner, who helped mold U.S. foreign policy and generations of policymakers as a Columbia Law School professor for nearly six decades and as a U.S. ambassador to Italy and Spain, died Feb. 16 at his home in New York City. He was 91.
The cause was congestive heart failure, said his daughter, Nina Gardner.
Dr. Gardner spent more than half a century moving between academia and government, training the legal and economic expertise that he gained as a Yale law student and Rhodes scholar on some of the most pressing global concerns of the Cold War and its aftermath.
At Columbia, he was best known for his seminar “Legal Aspects of U.S. ..
Even though many of Brazil’s favelas are still lacking basic infrastructure, internet usage is relatively high. Young locals are now starting to use social media to launch campaigns to improve the areas where they live. Even before he leaves the house in the morning, 19-year-old Michel Silva reaches for his smartphone and updates his blog.